J.L.Cox, J.M. Holden, R. Sagovsky
“Detection of postnatal depression. Development of the 10-item Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale”
Br J Psychiatry 1987; 150: 782-6. PMID: 3651732
I➜The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (abbreviated EPDS) is a self-rated questionnaire (commonly used in Europe and Australia) screening women for acronym title="Postpartum Depression Scale">PPD. It asks women to rate how they have been feeling in the last 7 days and consists of 10 short statements of common depressive symptoms with 4 choices per statement. Each statement is rated on a scale of 0 – 3 with possible total scores ranging from 0 – 30.
This screening instrument excludes some symptoms that are common in the perinatal period (tiredness, sleep disturbance, irritability) that other depression instruments include, as such symptoms do not differentiate between depressed and non-depressed postnatal women.
Related article (comment):
- → Matthey S, Barnett B, White T. "The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale." Br J Psychiatry. 2003 Apr;182:368; author reply 368.