Blessed G, Tomlinson BE, Roth M.
"The association between quantitative measures of dementia and of senile change
in the cerebral grey matter of elderly subjects"
Br J Psychiatry. 1968;114(512):797-811.
I➜The Blessed Dementia Scale also abbreviated BDS or BLS-D is a widely used brief behavioural scale developed in 1968. The BDS is divided into two subtests, which can be administered together or separately:
1. The caregiver scale with 22 items that measure changes in performance of everyday activities (eight items), self-care habits (three items), and changes in personality, interests, and drives (11 items). Overall scores range from 0 (normal) to 28 (extreme incapacity); a cognitive subscale omits the personality questions (12–22) and has a range from 0 (normal) to 17 (severely demented)
2. The “Information-Memory-Concentration test” which is administered to the patient. Episodic memory is evaluated by the “5-Minute Recall” section and most questions on the “Information” section. By contrast, the “Personal Memory” and “Non-personal Memory” sections sample remotely learned information which is part of semantic memory.The maximum score is 37.
Related: "Memory dysfunction in clinical practice"